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By Neil Schlager, David E. Newton, Jayne Weisblatt

Encyclopedia of Chemical Compounds
Neil Schlager, Jayne Weisblatt, and David E. Newton, Editors
2006 Thomson Gale, part of the
Thomson company.

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Elevated doses might then produce damaging effects, resembling nausea, vomiting, sneezing, coughing, blurred imaginative and prescient, slurred speech, and elevated salivation. Even greater doses bring about confusion, perceptual distortion, hallucinations, and delusions. ultimately, a series of life-threatening stipulations may well boost, together with melancholy of the valuable worried process, abnormal heartbeat, drowsiness, coma, and demise. FOR extra details ‘‘Acute publicity guide degrees (AEGLs) for n butane. ’’ nationwide Advisory Council, U. S. Environmental safeguard company. Washington, DC: U. S. Environmental defense service provider, April 2004. additionally on hand on-line at http://www. epa. gov/oppt/aegl/pubs/tsd102. pdf (accessed on December 29, 2005). ‘‘Butane. ’’ overseas Labour association. http://www. ilo. org/public/english/protection/safework/cis/ products/icsc/dtasht/_icsc02/icsc0232. htm (accessed on Decem ber 29, 2005). 122 chemical substances BUTANE ‘‘Butane. ’’ foreign Programme on Chemical defense. http://www. inchem. org/documents/pims/chemical/ pim945. htm#SectionTitle:2. 1%20%20Main%20risks%20and%20 target%20organs (accessed on December 29, 2005). Russell, Justin. ‘‘Fuel of the Forgotten Deaths. ’’ New Scientist (February 6, 1993): 21 23. See additionally Methane; Propane chemicals 123 H3C OH H H C C C C CH3 OH H H different NAMES : 3 varieties exist; see evaluate formulation : C6H12O2; see evaluate for accelerated formulation components : Carbon, hydrogen, oxygen country : Liquid MOLECULAR WEIGHT : 116. sixteen g/mol MELTING aspect : À98. nine C (À146 F) to À78 C (À108 F) BOILING aspect : ninety five. 1 C (203 F) to 126. 1 C (259. zero F) SOLUBILITY : Insoluble or somewhat soluble in water; soluble in alcohol and ether KEY proof COMPOUND style : Carboxylic acids (organic) Butyl Acetate evaluate Butyl acetate (BYOO-til AS-uh-tate) exists in 3 isomeric types. Isomers are or extra varieties of a chemical compound with an analogous molecular formulation, yet various structural formulation and assorted chemical and actual homes. Their names and synonyms are as follows: n-butyl acetate is named butyl ester, or butyl ethanoate; sec-butyl acetate is termed 1-methylpropyl ester and acetic acid sec-butyl ester; and tert-butyl acetate is understood through 1,1,-dimethylethyl ester or acetic acid, tert-butyl ester. The extended chemical formulation for the varieties are a little bit varied: n-butyl acetate, CH3COOCH2CH2CH2CH3; secbutyl acetate, CH3COOCH(CH3)(C2H5); and tert-butyl acetate, CH3COOC(CH3)3. approximately 100,000 kilograms (250,000 kilos) of the n-butyl isomer, the preferred, is produced every year within the usa. via a long way the most typical use of the compound (and the isomers) is as an commercial solvent, with approximately ninety percentage of overall output going for this use. chemical substances a hundred twenty five BUTYL ACETATE Butyl acetate. crimson atoms are oxygen; white atoms are hydrogen; and black atoms are carbon. grey sticks point out double bonds. P U B L I S H E R S source workforce the way it IS MADE All 3 isomers of butyl acetate are made by means of reacting acetic acid (CH3COOH) with the suitable butyl alcohol (n-butyl alcohol, sec-butyl alcohol, or tert-butyl alcohol, respectively).

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