By Dan Cederholm
Foreword by way of Chris Coyier.
Let's face it: CSS is tough. Our stylesheets are extra complicated than they was, and we're bending the spec to do up to it could possibly. Can Sass help?
A reluctant convert to Sass, Dan Cederholm stocks how he came visiting to the preferred CSS pre-processor, and gives a uncomplicated route to taking larger regulate of your code (all the whereas operating how you regularly have). From getting began to complicated suggestions, Dan might help you point up your stylesheets and immediately commence profiting from the facility of Sass.
Contents: - Why Sass? - Sass Workflow - utilizing Sass - Sass and Media Queries. - Dan Cederholm is a fashion designer, writer, and speaker dwelling in Salem, Massachusetts. He's the Co-Founder of Dribbble, a neighborhood for designers, and founding father of SimpleBits, a tiny layout studio. A long-time suggest of standards-based website design, Dan has labored with YouTube, Microsoft, Google, MTV, ESPN and others. He's written numerous well known books approximately website design, and got a TechFellow award in early 2012. He's presently an aspiring clawhammer banjoist and sometimes wears a baseball cap.
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Extra info for Sass for Web Designers
A part of the matter is that CSS wasn’t initially designed to do the issues we do with it at the present time. yes, development is relocating alongside at a pleasant clip because of swift browser innovation and implementation of CSS3 and past. yet we nonetheless have to depend on thoughts which are, for all intents and reasons, hacks. The go with the flow estate, for instance, used to be designed to easily align an W h y S a ss ? eleven image inside a block of textual content. That’s it. but we’ve needed to bend that estate to put out complete interfaces. Our stylesheets also are immensely repetitive. colours, fonts, oft-used groupings of houses, and so forth. the common CSS dossier is an incredibly linear document—the type of factor that makes an object-oriented programmer are looking to tear their hair out. (I’m no longer an object-oriented programmer, yet i've got little or no hair left. learn into that as you may). As interfaces and net functions develop into extra powerful and intricate, we’re bending the unique layout of CSS to do issues it by no means dreamed of doing. We’re artful like that. thankfully, browser makers undertake new CSS good points way more swiftly nowadays, with extra effective and strong houses and selectors that resolve the issues today’s internet poses. positive aspects like new structure innovations in CSS3, border-radius, box-shadow, complex selectors, transitions, transforms, animation, and so forth. It’s an exhilarating time. And but, there’s nonetheless much lacking from CSS itself. There are holes to be plugged, and the lifetime of a stylesheet writer might be much more straightforward. The DRY precept If we peer into the area of software program engineering (and I a lot wish to peer than hang around and get cozy there), we will be able to fast see how association, variables, constants, partials, and so on. , are an ingrained, the most important manner of operating for fogeys construction complicated structures. you've gotten heard of the “don’t repeat your self ” (DRY) precept. Coined and outlined by way of Andy Hunt and Dave Thomas of their e-book, The Pragmatic Programmer (http://bkaprt. com/ sass/1/), DRY broadcasts: every bit of information should have a unmarried, unambiguous, authoritative illustration inside of a approach. the belief is that duplicating code could cause failure and confusion for builders (http://bkaprt. com/sass/2/). It’s universal 12 SASS FOR internet DESIGNERS sense in addition: write commonly-repeated styles as soon as, and reuse these bits in the course of the program. It’s extra effective and much more uncomplicated to keep up code this fashion. CSS is something yet DRY. every now and then, it drips with repeated principles, declarations, and values. We’re always writing an analogous snippets of code for shades, fonts, and frequently-used styles of fashion all through our stylesheets. One glance through a decent-sized CSS dossier, and a DRY software program developer will weep, first with bewilderment, then frustration. “How the ! @#$ do you hold this?! ” they’ll ask. “Have I additionally informed you approximately IE insects? ” you’ll answer with somewhat self-loathing. So why is CSS so tricky to paintings with? we will assemble a touch of realizing why CSS has had its syntax boundaries through the years from an essay through CSS co-inventor, Bert Bos (http://bkaprt.