Download E-books West African Slavery and Atlantic Commerce: The Senegal River Valley, 1700-1860 (African Studies) PDF

By James F. Searing

The writer indicates how the societies of West Africa have been remodeled via the slave exchange. the expansion of the Atlantic alternate influenced the advance of slavery in the area, with slaves operating within the river and coasting trades or generating surplus grain to feed slaves in transit. a couple of held pivotal positions within the political constitution of the coastal kingdoms of Senegambia. This neighborhood slave procedure had far-reaching results, resulting in non secular protest and slave rebellions. The adjustments in agricultural creation fostered an ecological challenge.

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Nine those huge features of the full area have been overlaid with styles of local specialization in keeping with the comparative benefit of smaller sub-regions within the construction of convinced commodities. The trend West African slavery and Atlantic trade of alternate and creation that resulted was once in response to alternate among ecological zones of construction with diverse strengths and weaknesses. The flood simple of the Senegal River created convinced parts the place millet and rice will be produced intensively and the place surplus grains might be exchanged for the animal items produced in additional arid zones to the north and the south of the river. Fishing villages at the Atlantic coast really good within the creation of dried fish for export to the inner, in addition to salt gathered in deposits close to the coast. just about all agricultural areas produced a few surplus grain or cotton for alternate, due to call for for items from the Atlantic coast, the wasteland part, or the Guinea woodland to the south. wilderness retailers supplied the animal delivery which carried surplus commodities from one quarter to a different and provided the desires of wasteland society in grain, cotton fabric and slaves, bought with horses, livestock, sheep, and different wasteland animals. The ecology and geography of the reduce Senegal corresponded heavily to the linguistic and ethnic development of cost. Wolof audio system occupied lots of the open savanna the place wet season cereal cultivation is the first monetary task. Agricultural villages can be found in websites the place water should be received and the place the soil is richer and moister, usually in low-lying valleys within the rolling savanna. In marginal agricultural zones the Wolof have shared the career of the quarter with Pulaar-speaking farm animals herders, who construct seasonal livestock camps and take care of herds which come with animals owned via Wolof villagers. Moor pastoralists and retailers additionally lived in the zone, everlasting migrants from the western Sahara. Lebu fishing villages have been centred within the zone round the Cap Vert peninsula, whereas Sereer audio system inhabited the extra seriously wooded savanna south of Cap Vert. lots of the remainder of the linguistic and ethnic differentiation within the quarter could be traced to migration in the Senegambian sector alongside advertisement corridors, that have additionally overlapped with channels for the propagation of Islam and Islamic studying. 10 The decrease Senegal of 1700 was once very various than an analogous zone this day, simply because ecu descriptions of the quarter evoke a forested panorama, packed with wild animals and never thoroughly domesticated by means of people. within the 1750s Michel Adanson, a naturalist operating for the Compagnie du Senegal, made cautious observations of the panorama, plants, animal lifestyles, and weather of the decrease Senegal, according to tours up the Senegal River from Saint Louis, or down the coast to Goree and buying and selling ports additional south. Adanson defined herds of elephants within the sector close to Dagana within the decrease river valley and Adanson and different travelers sighted elephants at the Cap Vert peninsula and within the kingdoms of Kajoor and Bawol.

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